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When installing the machine, at package selection make sure you pick - at least - OpenSSH Server, and 'LAMP Packages'.  This installs the base packages required.

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Configure your root password.

Code Block
languagebash
sudo passwd root

Switch to the Root User

Please  note: THIS IS IMPORTANT!  You must run the entire process as root. Attempting to use 'sudo' later on will not work. Please don't ignore this. You must run this command to switch to an interactive root shell.

Code Block
languagebash
sudo -i

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Code Block
languagebash
apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade -y 

Install Required Dependencies

Code Block
languagebash
apt-get install -y build-essential linux-headers-`uname -r` openssh-server apache2 mysql-server\
  mysql-client bison flex php5 php5-curl php5-cli php5-mysql php-pear php-db php5-gd curl sox\
  libncurses5-dev libssl-dev libmysqlclient-dev mpg123 libxml2-dev libnewt-dev sqlite3\
  libsqlite3-dev pkg-config automake libtool autoconf git subversion unixodbc-dev uuid uuid-dev\
  libasound2-dev libogg-dev libvorbis-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev libical-dev libneon27-dev libsrtp0-dev\
  libspandsp-dev libmyodbc
 

Reboot server

Code Block
languagebash
reboot

Install Dependencies for Google Voice (if required)

You may skip this section if you do not require Google Voice support.

Install iksemel

Code Block
languagebash
cd /usr/src
wget https://iksemel.googlecode.com/files/iksemel-1.4.tar.gz
tar xf iksemel-1.4.tar.gz
cd iksemel-*
./configure
make
make install

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Code Block
languagebash
cd /usr/src
wget http://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/telephony/dahdi-linux-complete/dahdi-linux-complete-current.tar.gz
wget http://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/telephony/libpri/libpri-1.4-current.tar.gz
wget http://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/telephony/asterisk/asterisk-12-current.tar.gz
git clone https://github.com/akheron/jansson.git
git clone https://github.com/asterisk/pjproject.git

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Code Block
languagebash
cd /usr/src
tar xvfz libpri-1.4-current.tar.gz
cd libpri-*
make
make install

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Code Block
languagebash
cd /usr/src
tar xvfz asterisk-12-current.tar.gz
cd asterisk-*
./configure
contrib/scripts/get_mp3_source.sh
make menuselect

You will be prompted at the point to pick which modules to build. Most of them will be enabled, but if you want to have MP3 support, you need to manually turn on 'format_mp3' on the first page.

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After selecting 'Save & Exit' you can then continue

Code Block
languagebash
make
make install
make config
ldconfig

 

Install Asterisk-Extra-Sounds

Note that this installs the (8khz) 'wav' soundfiles. If you're planning on running G722 (High Definition 'Wideband') audio, you also want to download the 722 codec pack, which is the second part. If you're not planning on using Wideband, you can skip that part.

Code Block
languagebash
cd /var/lib/asterisk/sounds
wget http://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/telephony/sounds/asterisk-extra-sounds-en-gsmwav-current.tar.gz
tar xfz asterisk-extra-sounds-en-gsmwav-current.tar.gz
rm -f asterisk-extra-sounds-en-gsmwav-current.tar.gz
# Wideband Audio download 
wget http://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/telephony/sounds/asterisk-extra-sounds-en-g722-current.tar.gz
tar xfz asterisk-extra-sounds-en-g722-current.tar.gz
rm -f asterisk-extra-sounds-en-g722-current.tar.gz

Install and Configure FreePBX

Download and extract FreePBX.

Code Block
languagebash
export VER_FREEPBX=12.0
cd /usr/src
git clone wget http://gitmirror.freepbx.org/scmmodules/packages/freepbx/framework.git freepbxfreepbx-12.0-latest.tgz
tar vxfz freepbx-12-latest.tgz
cd freepbx
git checkout release/${VER_FREEPBX}

Now create the Asterisk user and set ownership permissions.

Code Block
languagebash
adduseruseradd asterisk --disabled-password --gecos "Asterisk User"
-m asterisk
chown asterisk. /var/run/asterisk
chown -R asterisk. /etc/asterisk
chown -R asterisk. /var/{lib,log,spool}/asterisk
chown -R asterisk. /usr/lib/asterisk
mkdir /var/www/html
chown -R asterisk. rm -rf /var/www/html

A few small modifications to Apache.

Code Block
languagebash
sed -i 's/\(^upload_max_filesize = \).*/\120M/' /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini
cp /etc/apache2/apache2.conf /etc/apache2/apache2.conf_orig
sed -i 's/^\(User\|Group\).*/\1 asterisk/' /etc/apache2/apache2.conf
service apache2 restart

Configure

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languagebash

ODBC

Edit /etc/odbcinst.ini and add the following. Note that this command assumes you are installing to a new machine, and that the file is empty. If this is not a freshly installed machine, please manually verify the contents of the file, rather than just copying and pasting the lines below. The 'EOF' does no go in the file, it simply signals to the 'cat' command that you have finished pasting.

Code Block
cat >> /etc/odbcinst.ini << EOF
[MySQL]
Description = ODBC for MySQL
Driver = /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/odbc/libmyodbc.so
Setup = /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/odbc/libodbcmyS.so
FileUsage = 1
 
EOF

You may need to verify these paths, if you're not on a x86_64 machine. You can use the command `find / -name libmyodbc.so` to verify the location

Edit or create /etc/odbc.ini and add the following section. Note that, again, this command assumes you are installing to a new machine, and the file is empty. Please manually verify the contents of the files if this is not the case.

Code Block
cat >> /etc/odbc.ini << EOF
[MySQL-asteriskcdrdb]
Description=MySQL connection to 'asteriskcdrdb' database
driver=MySQL
server=localhost
database=asteriskcdrdb
Port=3306
Socket=/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
option=3
 
EOF

Prepare MySQL

You now need to generate a secure password for FreePBX to use to talk to MySQL.

Code Block
export ASTERISK_DB_PW=amp109 
`dd if=/dev/urandom bs=1 count=32 2>/dev/null | base64 - | cut -c2-18`

That will generate a quasi-random 16 character long password, which should be secure enough for most things.  If you had set the MySQL 'root' password to be something when you were installing the machine, you will need to add a -pyourpassword flag to the following lines

Configure Asterisk database in MYSQL. 

Code Block
languagebash
mysqladmin -u root create asterisk
-p
mysqladmin -u root create asteriskcdrdb -pasteriskcdrdb

Set permissions on MYSQL database.

Code Block
languagebash
mysql -u root -p -e "GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON asterisk.* TO asteriskuser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY '${ASTERISK_DB_PW}';"
mysql -u root -p -e "GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON asteriskcdrdb.* TO asteriskuser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY '${ASTERISK_DB_PW}';"
mysql -u root -p -e "flush privileges;"

Restart Asterisk and install FreePBX.

Code Block
languagebash
./start_asterisk start
./install_amp --installdb --username=asteriskuser --password=${ASTERISK_DB_PW}
amportal chown
amportal a ma installall
amportal chowna reload
amportal a reload

 

ma refreshsignatures
amportal chown

Finally, one last mod and start FreePBX.

Code Block
languagebash
ln -s /var/lib/asterisk/moh /var/lib/asterisk/mohmp3
amportal start restart

Start FreePBX

Navigate: 

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Now FreePBX is installed, it will be available via Apache. Open up your web browser and visit:

    http://

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Address.Of.FreePBX.Server/admin